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Title: Homeostatic tissue responses in skin biopsies from NOMID patients with constitutive overproduction of IL-1b      
dateReleased:
04-29-2012
description:
The autoinflammatory disorder, Neonatal-onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID) is the most severe phenotype of disorders caused by mutations in the CIAS1 gene that result in increased production and secretion of active IL-1≤. NOMID patients present with systemic and organ-specific inflammation of the skin, central nervous system and bony growth plates, and respond dramatically to treatment with IL-1 blocking agents. We compared the cellular infiltrates and transcriptome of skin biopsies from patients with NOMID (n=14) before treatment [lesional (LS) and non-lesional (pre-NL) skin] and after treatment (post-NL) with the IL-1 blocker anakinra (recombinant IL-1 receptor antagonist, Kineret®), to normal skin (n=5). Abundant neutrophils distinguish LS skin from pre-NL and post-NL skin. CD11c+ dermal dendritic cells and CD163+ macrophages expressed activated caspase-1 and are the likely sources of cutaneous IL-1 production. Treatment with anakinra led to the disappearance of neutrophils, but CD3+ T cells and HLA-DR+ cells remained elevated. Among the upregulated genes IL-6, IL-8, TNF, IL-17A, CCL20, and the neutrophil defensins DEFA1 and DEFA3 were differentially regulated in LS tissues (compared to normal skin). Important significantly downregulated pathways included IL-1R/TLR signaling, type I and II cytokine receptor signaling, mitochondrial dysfunction, and antigen presentation. Differential expression and regulation of microRNAs and pathways involved in post-transcriptional modification are indicative of epigenetic modification in the various tissue states. Overall, the dysregulated genes and pathways suggest extensive “adaptive” mechanisms to control inflammation, and maintain tissue homeostasis in the skin of patients with NOMID. To determine the transcsriptome of skin samples in Neonatal-onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID), using pre-treatment non-lesional (pre-NL, n=4); lesional (LS, n=6); post-treatment non-lesional (post-NL, n=8), and normal skin (n=5). Comparison of mean gene expression of each group at baseline, and considering treatment effect
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-27864
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
27864
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-10-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-141
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-27864/E-GEOD-27864.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-27864/E-GEOD-27864.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE27864
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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