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Title: Differential gene expression analysis of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 strains in Aspergillus oryzae      
dateReleased:
04-29-2012
description:
The potential for sexual reproduction in Aspergillus oryzae was assessed by investigating the presence and functionality of MAT genes. Previous genome studies had identified a MAT1-1 gene in the RIB40 reference strain. We now report the existence of a complimentary MAT1-2 gene and sequencing of an idiomorph region from A. oryzae strain AO6. This allowed the development of a PCR diagnostic assay, which detected isolates of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 genotype among 180 strains assayed including industrial tane-koji isolates. Strains used for sake and miso production showed a near 1:1 ratio of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 mating-types, whereas strains used for soy sauce production showed a significant bias towards the MAT1-2 mating type. MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 isogenic strains were then created by genetic manipulation of the resident idiomorph, and comparisons were made of gene expression by DNA microarray and RT-PCR methodologies under conditions when MAT genes were expressed. 33 genes were found to be up-regulated greater than 10-fold in either the MAT1-1 host or MAT1-2 gene replacement strains relative to each other, showing that both MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 genes functionally regulate gene expression in A. oryzae in a mating-type dependent manner, the first such report from a supposedly asexual fungus. MAT1-1 expression specifically up-regulated an a-pheromone precursor gene, but most genes affected were of unknown function. Results are consistent with a heterothallic breeding system in A. oryzae, and prospects for the discovery of a sexual cycle are discussed. On a condition that induces mating-type genes descrived in growth protocol section, each cogenic MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 mating-type strains were processed into RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. In a speculation that genes involved in putative mating process were reguated in mating-type dependent manner, we designed the cogenic strains that differs only in mating-type gene locus to analyze differential gene expression of MAT1-1 vs MAT1-2 strains.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-33542
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
33542
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-25-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Aspergillus oryzae
ID:
A-GEOD-13996
name:
Affymetrix Aspergillus oryzae custom array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-33542/E-GEOD-33542.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-33542/E-GEOD-33542.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE33542
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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