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Title: Direct Reprogramming of Fibroblasts into Neural Stem Cells by Defined Factors      
dateReleased:
05-02-2012
description:
Recent advances in the stem cell biology have revealed that cell type-specific transcription factors could reset the somatic memory and induce direct reprogramming into specific cellular identities. The induction of pluripotency in terminally differentiated cells has been a major achievement in the field of direct reprogramming. Recent studies have shown that fibroblasts could be directly converted into specific cell types, such as neurons, cardiomyocytes, blood progenitor cells, and epiblast stem cells, without first passing through an induced pluripotent stem cell state3-7. However, direct reprogramming of differentiated cells into somatic stem cell types has not been described yet4. Here we show that a combination of neural-specific transcription factors (Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc, Brn4/Pou3f4 or Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc, Brn4, E47/Tcf3) can induce a neural stem cell (NSC) fate on the fibroblasts. Induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) showed morphology, gene expression, epigenetic features, differentiation potential, and functionality similar to wild-type NSCs. Therefore, our data suggest that cell type-specific defined factors can induce specific stem cell identities on somatic cells. Fibroblasts (5 x 104 cells) were infected with retroviruses for two days, and cells were maintained in NSC media: DMEM/F-12 supplemented with N2 or B27 supplements (Gibco-BRL), 10 ng/ml EGF, 10 ng/ml bFGF (both from Invitrogen), 50 ug/ml BSA (Fraction V Gibco-BRL), and 1x penicillin/streptomycin/glutamine (Gibco-BRL). In order to establish stable iNSC lines, were either manually picked mature iNSC clumps or passaged and seeded the whole dishes of cells onto either gelatin- or laminin-coated dishes. RNA samples to be analysed on microarrays were prepared using QIAGEN RNeasy columns with on-column DNA digestion. 500 ng of total RNA per sample was used as input RNA into a linear amplification protocol (Ambion) involving synthesis of T7-linked double-stranded cDNA and 12 h of in-vitro transcription incorporating biotin-labelled nucleotides. Purified and labelled cRNA was hybridised onto MouseRef-8 v2 expression BeadChips (Illumina) for 18 h according to the manufacturer's instructions. After washing, as recommended, chips were stained with streptavidin-Cy3 (GE Healthcare) and scanned using iScan reader (Illumina) and accompanying software. Samples were hybridised as biological replicates. 9 samples were analyzed. Fibroblast: CF1 Mouse embryonic fibroblasts, 1 biological rep Control NSC: OG2-Rosa Neural Stem Cells, 2 biological rep 4F iNSC (late): 4 factors induced Neural Stem Cells (late passage), 2 biological rep 4F iNSC (early): 4 factors induced Neural Stem Cells (early passage), 2 biological rep 5F iNSC: 5 factors induced Neural Stem Cells, 2 biological rep
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-30500
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
30500
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-25-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-1174
name:
Illumina MouseRef-8 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-30500/E-GEOD-30500.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-30500/E-GEOD-30500.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE30500
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress