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Title: Transcriptional profiling of equine chondrocyte de-differentiation in culture      
dateReleased:
05-31-2012
description:
Monolayer cultures of primary chondrocytes undergo morphological changes that have been broadly characterized as de-differentiation. Transcriptional profiling was used to evaluate changes in gene expression during this process. Articular cartilage was harvested from a single Standardbred horse; the chondrocytes were isolated and then maintained in monolayer culture for up to 14 days. Chondrocytes were collected on Day 1 and Day 14 of culture and snap frozen in liquid nitrogen. Total RNA was isolated, subjected to one round of linear RNA amplification, and then applied to an equine-specific cDNA microarray composed of 9322 elements. Three biological replicates were analyzed at each time point using a dye-swap experimental design. One hundred six transcripts were present at levels greater than or equal to five-fold higher in Day 1 chondrocytes relative to the cells collected at Day 14. Conversely, 68 transcripts were present at levels greater than or equal to five-fold higher in Day 14 chondrocytes. Northern blot hybridization validated the microarray data by confirming the down-regulation of steady state mRNA levels for type II procollagen and aggrecan core protein and the up-regulation of type I procollagen. Gene-by-gene and cluster analyses will be used to compare the process of “de-differentiation” in primary culture to the developmental stages of normal chondrocyte differentiation and to the fibrocartilage repair tissue that forms in osteoarthritic lesions. Keywords: articular cartilage, de-differentiation, horse, cDNA microarray This is a direct comparison between one and fourteen day cultured chondrocyte transcriptomes. Three sets of technical replicates were compared. For each comparison and its dye-swap, one Day 1 technical replicate was randomly compared to one Day 14 technical replicate.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-14255
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
14255
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-04-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Equus caballus
ID:
A-GEOD-6423
name:
MacLeod custom equine cartilage cDNA microarray
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-14255/E-GEOD-14255.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-14255/E-GEOD-14255.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE14255
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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