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Title: Transcription profiling by array of 17 human breast cancer samples      
dateReleased:
06-29-2012
description:
Cancer evolves dynamically, as clonal expansions supersede or overlap one another, driven by shifting selective pressures, mutational processes and disrupted cancer genes. These processes mark the genome, such that a cancerÕs life history is encrypted in the timing, ploidy, clonality and patterns of somatic mutation. We developed bioinformatic algorithms to decipher this narrative, and applied them to 21 breast cancer genomes. We find that mutational processes evolve across the lifespan of a breast tumor, with cancer-specific signatures of point mutations and chromosomal instability often emerging late but contributing extensive genetic variation. Subclonal diversification is prominent, providing insight into the dynamics of clonal expansion in breast cancer. Most point mutations are found in just a fraction of tumor cells, together with frequent variegation in chromosomal copy number. Every tumor studied here has a dominant subclonal lineage, representing more than 50% of tumor cells. Minimal expansion of these subclones occurs until many hundreds to thousands of mutations have accumulated, implying the existence of long-lived, quiescent lineages of cells that are capable of substantial proliferation upon acquisition of enabling genomic changes. Expansion of the dominant subclone to an appreciable mass may therefore represent the final rate-limiting step in a breast cancer's development, triggering diagnosis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-MTAB-1088
refinement:
raw
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-28-2012
creators:
Stuart R McLaren
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-MEXP-2210
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12_V4_0_R1_15002873_B
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-1088/E-MTAB-1088.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-1088/E-MTAB-1088.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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