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Title: Gene-expression profiles of ascites-cytology-positive ovarian cancer      
dateReleased:
07-09-2012
description:
Ovarian cancer often progresses by disseminating to the peritoneal cavity, but how the tumor cells evade host immunity during this process is poorly understood. Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) is known to suppress immune system and to be an unfavorable prognostic factor in ovarian cancer. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the function of PD-L1 in peritoneal dissemination. Positive cytology in ascites was a significant poor prognostic factor in ovarian cancer. Microarray profiles of cytology-positive cases showed significant correlations with Gene Ontology terms related to immune system process. Microarray and immunohistochemistry in human ovarian cancer revealed significant correlation between PD-L1 expression and positive cytology. PD-L1 expression on mouse ovarian cancer cells was induced upon encountering lymphocytes in the course of peritoneal spread in vivo and upon co-culturing with lymphocytes in vitro. Tumor cell lysis by CTLs was attenuated when PD-L1 was overexpressed and promoted when it was silenced. PD-L1 overexpression also inhibited gathering and degranulation of CTLs. In mouse ovarian cancer dissemination models, depleting PD-L1 expression on tumor cells resulted in inhibited tumor growth in the peritoneal cavity and prolonged survival. Restoring immune function by inhibiting immune-suppressive factors such as PD-L1 may be a promising therapeutic strategy for peritoneal dissemination. Genome-wide transcriptional changes in human ovarian cancer tissue from ascites-cytology-positive or -negative patients.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-39204
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
39204
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-17-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-44
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 [HG-U133_Plus_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39204/E-GEOD-39204.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39204/E-GEOD-39204.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE39204
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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