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Title: Differential microRNA response to a high-cholesterol, high-fat diet in livers of low and high LDL-C baboons      
dateReleased:
07-14-2012
description:
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression has been implicated in molecular genetics events leading to the progression and development of atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that miRNA expression profiles differ between baboons with low and high serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations in response to diet, and that a subset of these miRNAs regulate genes relevant to dyslipidemia and risk of atherosclerosis. We generated small RNA libraries from baboons differing in their LDL-C response to dietary fat and cholesterol (low LDL-C, n = 3; high LDL-C, n = 3) using liver biopsies collected before and after a high-cholesterol, high-fat (HCHF) challenge diet. We sequenced the libraries using Next-Generation Illumina sequencing methods, analyzed the data using mirTools software and identified 517 baboon miRNAs: 490 homologous to human and 27 novel miRNAs. HCHF diet elicited expression of more miRNAs compared to baseline (chow) diet for both low and high LDL-C baboons. Seventeen miRNAs exhibited significant differential expression in response to HCHF diet in high LDL-C baboons compared to nine miRNAs in low LDL-C baboons. Putative miRNA targets were identified with TargetScan/Base tools. miRNAs significantly targeted more genes in high LDL-C baboons compared to low LDL-C responders. Further, we identified miRNA isomers and other non-coding RNAs that were differentially expressed in response to the challenge diet.Our discovery of differentially expressed baboon miRNAs and their targets is a fundamental step in understanding the role of non-coding RNAs in the modulation of dsylipidemia.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-37249
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
37249
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-11-2013
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Papio hamadryas
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-37249/E-GEOD-37249.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-37249/E-GEOD-37249.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE37249
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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