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Title: Transcriptional perturbations caused by tumor virus proteins      
dateReleased:
07-19-2012
description:
Genotypic differences greatly influence susceptibility and resistance to disease. Understanding genotype-phenotype relationships requires that phenotypes be viewed as manifestations of network properties, rather than simply as the result of individual genomic variations. Genome sequencing efforts have identified numerous germline mutations associated with cancer predisposition and large numbers of somatic genomic alterations. However, it remains challenging to distinguish between background, or “passenger” and causal, or “driver” cancer mutations in these datasets. Human viruses intrinsically depend on their host cell during the course of infection and can elicit pathological phenotypes similar to those arising from mutations. To test the hypothesis that genomic variations and tumour viruses may cause cancer via related mechanisms, we systematically examined host interactome and transcriptome network perturbations caused by DNA tumour virus proteins. The resulting integrated viral perturbation data reflects rewiring of the host cell networks, and highlights pathways that go awry in cancer, such as Notch signalling and apoptosis. We show that systematic analyses of host targets of viral proteins can identify cancer genes with a success rate on par with their identification through functional genomics and large-scale cataloguing of tumour mutations. These complementary approaches together result in increased specificity for cancer gene identification. Combining systems-level studies of pathogen-encoded gene products with genomic approaches will facilitate prioritization of cancer-causing driver genes so as to advance understanding of the genetic basis of human cancer. We profiled the transcriptome of human cells expressing tumor virus proteins, in order to trace pathways through which viral proteins could alter cellular states. To examine transcriptome network perturbations directly in human cells, we generated expression constructs fusing each viral ORF (open reading frame) to a tandem epitope tag and introduced each construct into IMR-90 normal human diploid fibroblasts. Total RNA was isolated from IMR-90 cells expressing viORFs and gene expression was assayed on Human Gene 1.0 ST arrays.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38467
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38467
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-06-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-15648
name:
[HuGene-1_0-st] Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene10stv1_Hs_ENTREZG version 13.0.0]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38467/E-GEOD-38467.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38467/E-GEOD-38467.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38467
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress