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Title: NanoString nCounter immune-related gene expression in blood sorted CD14+CD16- monocytes from sALS, fALS and HC subjects      
dateReleased:
07-25-2012
description:
We investigated the innate immune system in the SOD1 ALS model. We found that splenic Ly6CHi monocytes were activated and their progressive recruitment to the spinal cord, but not brain, correlated with neuronal loss. We found a decrease in resident microglia in the spinal cord with disease progression. Two months prior to disease onset, splenic Ly6CHi monocytes had an M1 signature which included increased CCR2. At one month prior to disease onset, microglia expressed increased CCL2 and other chemotaxis-associated molecules. Microglia derived from the spinal cord of SOD1 mice recruited Ly6C+ monocytes to the CNS. Treatment with anti-Ly6C mAb modulated the Ly6CHi monocyte cytokine profile, reduced monocyte recruitment to the spinal cord, diminished neuronal loss and extended survival. In humans with ALS, CD14+/CD16- monocytes (analogue of Ly6CHi monocytes) exhibited an ALS specific microRNA inflammatory signature similar to that observed in the SOD1 mouse providing a direct link between the animal model and the human disease. Thus, the SOD1-like profile of monocytes in ALS subjects may serve as a biomarker for disease stage or progression. Our results suggest that recruitment of inflammatory monocytes plays an important role in disease progression and that modulation of these cells is a potential therapeutic approach This study used the NanoString nCounter hybridization system and the Nanostring GX Human Immunology and Nanostring Human Inflammation assays to identify and quantitate immune-related genes in blood CD14+CD16- monocytes from ALS, MS and HC subjects Total RNA was isolated from FACS sorted CD14+CD16- blood-derived monocytes from sporadic sALS (n=10), fALS (n=4) and HC (n=10) subjects. RNA was profiled using the Nanostring GX Human Immunology and Nanostring Human Inflammation assays
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-39642
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
39642
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-06-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-15846
name:
NanoString nCounter Human GX Immunology and Nanostring Human Inflammation assays
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39642/E-GEOD-39642.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39642/E-GEOD-39642.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE39642
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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