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Title: Evolution of S. cerevisiae - S. bayanus Interspecific Hybrids      
dateReleased:
07-31-2012
description:
Hybrid progeny can enjoy increased fitness and stress tolerance relative to their ancestral species, a phenomenon known as hybrid vigor. Though this phenomenon has been documented throughout the Eukarya, evolution of hybrid populations has yet to be explored experimentally in the lab. To fill this knowledge gap we created a pool of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. bayanus homoploid and aneuploid hybrids, and then investigated how selection in the form of incrementally increased temperature or ethanol impacted hybrid genome structure and adaptation. During 500 generations of continuous ammonia-limited, glucose-sufficient culture, temperature was raised from 25C to 46??C. This selection invariably resulted in nearly-complete loss of the S. bayanus genome, although the dynamics of genome loss differed among independent replicates. Temperature-evolved isolates were significantly more thermal tolerant and exhibited greater phenotypic plasticity than parental species and founding hybrids. By contrast, when the same hybrid pool was subjected to increases in exogenous ethanol from 0% to 14%, selection favored euploid S. cerevisiae x S. bayanus hybrids. Ethanol-evolved isolates exhibited significantly greater ethanol tolerance relative only to S. bayanus and one of the founding hybrids tested. Adaptation to thermal and ethanol stress manifested as heritable changes in cell wall structure demonstrated by resistance to zymolyase or micafungin treatment. This is the first study to show experimentally that the fate of interspecific hybrids critically depends on the type of selection they encounter during the course of evolution. Array-CGH was performed on the S. cerevisiae parent strain CEN.PK (GSY2160), the S. bayanus parent strain CBS7001 (GSY2161) and on the F1 interspecific hybrid resulting from mating the 2 parents (GSY2168). Additionally, three rare viable spores obtained after sporulation of the F1 were assayed by array-CGH (F2a, F2b, F2c). A large pool of F2 spores (and probably some number of F1 hybrid cells) were subjected to gradually increasing temperatures, in three independent vessels, with populations sampled at various generation times. Likewise, the same pool was used to found populations in an additional three independent vessels, which were then subjected to gradually increasing ethanol concentrations (at constant temperature). Array-CGH was performed on three different clones from each of the three temperature vessels at the final 500 generation time point (T500 clones). Biological replicates of the T500 clones were performed (T500-new). Two self-self array-CGH hybridization controls were also performed (self-control). Array-CGH was performed on one clone from each of the three ethanol vessels taken at the 400 generation timepoint (EtOH400gen clones).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-24479
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
24479
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
ID:
A-GEOD-11007
name:
Agilent SMD Print_1600 Saccharomyces bayanus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-24479/E-GEOD-24479.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-24479/E-GEOD-24479.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE24479
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress