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Title: Bmal1 controls circadian cell proliferation and susceptibility to UVB-induced DNA damage in the epidermis [Anagen]      
dateReleased:
08-01-2012
description:
While several physiological skin parameters vary in a circadian manner, the identity of genes participating in chronobiology of skin remains unknown, leading us to define the circadian transcriptome of mouse skin at two different stages of the hair cycle, telogen and anagen. The circadian transcriptomes of telogen and anagen skin are largely distinct, with the former dominated by genes involved in cell proliferation and metabolism. The expression of many metabolic genes is antiphasic to cell cycle related genes, the former peaking during the day and the latter peaking at the night. Consistently, accumulation of reactive oxygen species, a byproduct of oxidative phosphorylation, and S-phase are antiphasic to each other in telogen skin. Furthermore, the circadian variation in S-phase is controlled by BMAL1 intrinsic to keratinocytes as keratinocyte-specific deletion of Bmal1 obliterates time of day dependent synchronicity of cell division in the epidermis leading to a constitutively elevated cell proliferation. Consistent with higher cellular susceptibility to UV-induced DNA damage during S phase, we found that mice are most sensitive to UVB-induced DNA damage in the epidermis at night. As maximum numbers of keratinocytes go through S phase in the late afternoon in the human epidermis, we speculate that in humans the circadian clock imposes regulation of epidermal cell proliferation such that skin is at a particularly vulnerable stage during times of maximum UV exposure, thus contributing to the high incidence of human skin cancers. Whole skin was collected at 4 hour intervals for 48 hours. ZT number indicates the number of hours elapsed from when lights are switched on. ZT0 = lights on (6am). ZT12=lights off (6pm). Total RNA was purified from the skin of each mouse and equal amount of RNA from the 3 replicates for each time point were pooled. Anagen samples were collected from skin of P30 male mice.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38623
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38623
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-13-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-130
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array [MoGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38623/E-GEOD-38623.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38623/E-GEOD-38623.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38623
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress