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Title: Essential roles of the histone methyltransferase ESET in the epigenetic control of neural progenitor cells during development      
dateReleased:
08-23-2012
description:
In the developing brain, neural progenitor cells (NPCs) switch the differentiation competency via changing gene expression profiles that are governed partly by epigenetic control such as histone modification, although the precise mechanism is unknown. Here we found that ESET/Setdb1/KMT1E, a histone H3 Lys-9 (H3K9) methyltransferase, was highly expressed at early stages of brain development but down-regulated over time, and that ablation of ESET led to decreased H3K9 trimethylation and misregulation of genes, resulting in severe brain defects and early lethality. In the mutant brain, endogenous retrotransposons were derepressed, and non-neural gene expression was activated. Furthermore, early neurogenesis was most severely impaired, while astrocyte formation was enhanced. We conclude that there is an epigenetic role of ESET in temporal and tissue-specific gene regulation in the developing brain. We used microarrays to identify genes up- or down- regulated when ESET is ablated in the dorsal telencephalon. We used 3 WT and 3 cKO male E14.5 embryo for each analysis
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-40296
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
40296
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
09-26-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-45
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 [Mouse430_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-40296/E-GEOD-40296.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-40296/E-GEOD-40296.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE40296
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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