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Title: Chd1 chromatin remodelers maintain nucleosome organization and repress cryptic transcription      
dateReleased:
09-15-2012
description:
Proper chromatin organization is essential for defining transcription units and maintaining genomic integrity in eukaryotes. Mutations affecting the chromatin structure can lead to increased cryptic transcription and genomic instability. In this study we found that deletion of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe Chd1-type chromatin remodelers, hrp1 and hrp3, causes strong, genome-wide accumulation of antisense transcripts, while the amount of coding mRNA transcripts is mostly unaffected. Nucleosome mapping revealed a specific role for Chd1-remodelers in the positioning of nucleosomes in gene coding regions. While the arrangement of nucleosomes in promoter regions was similar to WT, nucleosome organization within coding regions was remarkably irregular in hrp1∆hrp3∆ strain. We extended our analysis to other mutations associated with enhanced cryptic transcription activity, such as set2∆, alp13∆, and FACT complex subunit pob3∆. While nucleosomes were severely depleted in the pob3∆ strain, nucleosome positioning was less affected. In sharp contrast, nucleosome organization in the alp13∆ and set2∆ strains was indistinguishable from WT. These data indicate multiple mechanisms in the repression of cryptic promoter activity in eukaryotic cells. Genome-wide profiling of H3K9/K14 acetylation Genome-wide expression analysis of either Alp13-, Set2-, Hrp3 or Hrp1 and Hrp3-deficient cells Genome-wide expression analysis of either Hrp1, Hrp3, or Hrp1 and Hrp3-deficient cells Nucleosome mapping experiments ChIP for the detection of the genome-wide acetylation profile of H3K9/K14 was performed for a wildtype strain and the deletion strains of Set2, Alp13 and the double knock-out of Hrp1 and Hrp3. Each experiment was performed twice in biological replicates All experiments were performed twice in biological replicates, except for the expression array of set2Δ. The replicates of hrp3Δ and hrp1Δhrp3Δ were performed with a slightly different array design All experiments were performed twice in biological replicates. The replicates of hrp3Δ and hrp1Δhrp3Δ were performed with a slightly different array design MNase treated sample were comparatively hybridized with genomic DNA of corresponding strain, WT, hrp1d hrp3d, pob3d in biological duplicates, set2d, alp13d, mit1d, hrp1d, hrp3d analysis was performed once
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-40872
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
40872
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-40872/E-GEOD-40872.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-40872/E-GEOD-40872.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE40872
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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