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Title: Loss of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine is an epigenetic hallmark of melanoma      
dateReleased:
09-18-2012
description:
DNA methylation at the 5-position of cytosine (5-mC) is a key epigenetic mark critical for varius biological and pathological processes. 5-mC can be converted to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) by the Ten-Eleven Translocation (TET) family of DNA hydroxylases. Here we report that "loss of 5-hmC" is an epigenetic hallmark of melanoma with diagonostic and prognostic implications. Genome-wide mapping of 5-hmC in nevi and melanomas for the first time revealed loss of 5-hmC landscape in the melanoma epigenome. Downregulation of Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) and TET family enzymes proved to be one of the mechanisms underlying the loss of 5-hmC during melanoma development, and rebuilding the 5-hmC landscape in the melanoma epigenome by reintroducing active TET2 or IDH2 suppressed melanoma growth and increased tumor-free survival. Thus, our study establishes that "loss of 5-hmC" is a new epigenetic hallmark of melanoma and links IDH and TET family enzymes-mediated 5-hmC putative tumor suppressor pathway to the suppression of melanoma progression. Determine the genome-wide distribution of 5mC and 5hmC in benign nevus tissue, melanoma tissue, A2058 MOCK cells (overexpressing empty vector), A2058 TET2 cells (overexpressing wild type human TET), and A2058 TET2M cells (overexpressing mutant human TET).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38231
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38231
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
10-04-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38231/E-GEOD-38231.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38231/E-GEOD-38231.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38231
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress