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Title: Rhesus monkey cumulus cells revert to a mural granulosa cell state following an ovulatory stimulus      
dateReleased:
10-04-2012
description:
Follicular somatic cells (mural granulosa cells and cumulus cells) and the oocyte communicate through paracrine interactions and through direct gap junctions between oocyte and cumulus cells. Considering that mural and cumulus cells arise through a common developmental pathway and that their differentiation is essential to reproductive success, understanding how these cells differ is a key aspect to understanding their critical functions. Changes in global gene expression before and after an ovulatory stimulus were compared between cumulus and mural granulosa cells to test the hypothesis that mural and cumulus cells are highly differentiated at the time of an ovulatory stimulus and further differentiate during the periovulatory interval. The transcriptomes of the two cell types were markedly different (>1500 genes) before an ovulatory hCG bolus but converged after ovulation to become completely overlapping. The predominant transition was for the cumulus cells to become more like mural cells after hCG. This indicates that the differentiated phenotype of the cumulus cell is not stable and irreversibly established but may rather be an ongoing physiological response to the oocyte. We compared transcriptomes of mural granulosa cells isolated from the follicles before (PM-GC) and after (VVM-GC) an ovulatory stimulus. These data were analyzed with previously published cumulus cells data to compare transitions in granulosa cell state before and after an ovulatory stimulus with transitions in cumulus cells.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38387
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38387
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
10-18-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Macaca mulatta
ID:
A-AFFY-145
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Rhesus Macaque Genome Array [Rhesus]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38387/E-GEOD-38387.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38387/E-GEOD-38387.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38387
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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