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Title: Smchd1 dependent and independent pathways determine developmental dynamics of CpG island methylation on the inactive X chromosome      
dateReleased:
10-15-2012
description:
X chromosome inactivation involves multiple levels of chromatin modification, established progressively and in a stepwise manner during early development. The chromosomal protein Smchd1 has recently been shown to play an important role in DNA methylation of CpG islands (CGIs), a late step in the X inactivation pathway required for long-term stability of gene silencing. Here we show that inactive X chromosome (Xi) CGI methylation can occur via either Smchd1 dependent or independent pathways. Smchd1 dependent CGI methylation, the primary pathway, is acquired gradually over an extended period, whereas Smchd1 independent CGI methylation occurs rapidly after the onset of X inactivation. The de novo methyltransferase Dnmt3b is required for methylation of both classes of CGI, whereas Dnmt3a and Dnmt3L are dispensable. Xi CGIs methylated by these distinct pathways differ in respect to their sequence characteristics and immediate chromosomal environment. We discuss the implications of these results for understanding CGI methylation during development. Examination of CpG methylated DNA from wild type and smchd1 null male and female somatic cells and female ES cells differentiated for either 7 or 10 days. Duplicate samples of each type were generated.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-37333
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
37333
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-37333/E-GEOD-37333.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-37333/E-GEOD-37333.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE37333
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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