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Title: Regulation of pluripotency and self-renewal of ES cells through epigenetic-threshold modulation and mRNA pruning      
dateReleased:
10-26-2012
description:
The core pluripotency factors (Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog), the Myc network, and the chromatin-modifying complexes such as PRC2 ensure the pluripotency and self-renewal of ES cells (ESC). How these factors coordinate with one another remains poorly understood. We report that Utf1, a target of Oct4 and Sox2, is a new bivalent chromatin component that buffers poised states of bivalent genes. By limiting PRC2 loading and Histone 3 lysine-27 trimethylation, Utf1 sets proper activation thresholds for bivalent genes. It also promotes nuclear tagging of mRNAs transcribed from insufficiently silenced bivalent genes for cytoplasmic degradation through mRNA de-capping. Whereas these opposing functions of Utf1 allow proper execution of ESC pluripotency, the mRNA pruning function also ensures rapid cell proliferation by blocking the Myc-Arf feedback regulation. Thus, Utf1 is an important regulator that couples the core pluripotency factors with Myc and PRC2 networks to promote proliferation and pluripotency execution of ESCs. First we mapped Utf1 binding sites in ESCs using the biotin-mediated and cross-linked ChIP-sequencing. To investigate how Utf1 might regulate gene expression, we did RNA-seq on WT and Utf1-KO ES cells. Then we did ChIP-seq of Suz12 and H3K27me3 on WT and Utf1-KO ES cells to study whether Utf1 affects PRC2 loading and H3K27me3 modofication, using H3 as control. Finally, we did RNAseq on WT and Dcp1a-KD ES cells to confirm Utf1 repress gene expression by recruiting Dcp1a complex.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-39513
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
39513
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39513/E-GEOD-39513.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39513/E-GEOD-39513.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE39513
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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