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Title: RNA polymerase II collision interrupts convergent transcription (ChIP-seq)      
dateReleased:
11-30-2012
description:
Anti-sense non-coding transcripts, genes-within-genes, and convergent gene pairs are prevalent among eukaryotes. The existence of such transcription units raises the question of what happens when RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) molecules collide head-to-head. Here we use a combination of biochemical and genetic approaches in yeast to show that polymerases transcribing opposite DNA strands cannot bypass each other. RNAPII stops, but does not dissociate upon head-to-head collision in vitro, suggesting that opposing polymerases represent insurmountable obstacles for each other. Head-to-head collision in vivo results in RNAPII stopping as well, and removal of collided RNAPII from the DNA template can be achieved via ubiquitylation-directed proteolysis. Indeed, in cells lacking efficient RNAPII poly-ubiquitylation, the half-life of collided polymerases increases, so that these can be detected between convergent genes by ChIP-Seq. These results provide new insight into fundamental mechanisms of gene traffic control, and point to an unexplored effect of anti-sense transcription on gene regulation via polymerase collision. ChIP-Seq of RNA polymerase II was performed with WT and Elongain C deletion mutant (elc1∆) cells. 4H8 antibody against the Rpb1 C-terminal domain was used for RNA polymerase II immunoprecipitation, whilst mouse IgG antibody was used for control immunoprecipitations. Two biological replicates were performed for both WT and elc1∆.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38382
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38382
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-11-2013
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38382/E-GEOD-38382.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38382/E-GEOD-38382.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38382
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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