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Title: Genetics of gene expression responses to temperature stress in a sea urchin gene network (DASL)      
dateReleased:
11-30-2012
description:
Stress responses play an important role in shaping species distributions and robustness to climate change. We investigated how stress responses alter the contribution of additive genetic variation to gene expression during development of the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, under increased temperatures that model realistic climate change scenarios. We first measured gene expression responses in the embryos by RNA-seq to characterize molecular signatures of mild, chronic temperature stress in an unbiased manner. We found that an increase from 12 °C to 18 °C caused widespread alterations in gene expression including in genes involved in protein folding, RNA processing, and development. To understand the quantitative genetic architecture of this response, we then focused on a well-characterized gene network involved in endomesoderm and ectoderm specification. Using a breeding design with wild-caught individuals, we measured genetic and gene-environment interaction effects on 72 genes within this network. We found genetic or maternal effects in 33 of these genes, and that the genetic effects were correlated in the network. 14 network genes also responded to higher temperatures, but we found no significant genotype-environment interactions in any of the genes. This absence may be due to an effective buffering of the temperature perturbations within the network. In support of this hypothesis, perturbations to regulatory genes did not affect the expression of the genes that they regulate. Together, these results provide novel insights into the relationship between environmental change and developmental evolution and suggest that climate change may not expose large amounts of cryptic genetic variation to selection in this species. 191 samples representing 32 cultures from 8 male and 8 female parents, grown in replicate at 3 temperatures
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38644
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38644
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-13-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
ID:
A-GEOD-13644
name:
Duke/Wray Strongylocentrotus purpuratus 384-v1
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38644/E-GEOD-38644.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38644/E-GEOD-38644.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38644
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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