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Title: Effect of furfural on the Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 transcriptome      
dateReleased:
12-06-2012
description:
Furfural is the prevalent microbial inhibitor generated during pretreatment and hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass to monomeric sugars, but the molecular response of Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 to this compound is unknown. To discern the effect of furfural on C. beijerinckii and to gain insights into the molecular mechanisms of action and detoxification, we studied the physiological changes of furfural-stressed cultures during acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation, and profiled differentially expressed genes by genome-wide transcriptional analysis. C. beijerinckii exposed to furfural stress during the acidogenic growth phase produced 13% more ABE than the unstressed control. The growth and ABE by C. beijerinckii ceased following exposure to furfural stress during the solventogenic growth phase. By comparing gene expression of furfural-stressed cultures to that of the unstressed control, at both the acidogenic and solventogenic phases, we ascertained that furfural induces expression of several genes including those that code for heat shock proteins, redox enzymes and cofactor associated proteins, and ATP-binding cassette transporters, and represses genes belonging to the phosphotransferase system, two-component system, chemotaxis and cell motility. Based on these results, we discuss the underpinning for furfural-mediated change in ABE fermentation by the solventogenic Clostridium species. C. beijerinckii 8052 pre-culture was incubated anaerobically to attain acidogenic or solventogenic growth phase. The culture was then subdivided into two bottles. One bottle was challenged with furfural and the other bottle was left unchallenged. After 3 h growth, C. beijerinckii 8052 samples were collected, during which the original concentration of furfural in the growth medium was reduced to more than half. Total RNA was isolated, purified, converted to enriched mRNA, and dye-coupled (Alexa Fluor 555) complementary cRNA. This was followed by hybridization and microarray data analysis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-42597
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
42597
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052
ID:
A-GEOD-16336
name:
OSU Ezeji Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 30K
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-42597/E-GEOD-42597.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-42597/E-GEOD-42597.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE42597
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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