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Title: Abrogation of stromal TGF-β signaling induces genetic alterations and SCC development in the neighboring epithelia      
dateReleased:
12-06-2012
description:
Specific deletion of Tgfbr2 in FSP1+ fibroblasts (Tgfbr2fspKO) induced development of SCC in forestomach with 100% penetrance. Tgfbr2fspKO mice die by 7 weeks with a median survival of 38 days (Log rank p<0.001). Examination of Tgfbr2fspKO forestomach between embryonic day 16 (E16) and 5 weeks of age suggested that hyperplasia began during week 3 and was followed by dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, and invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The aim of this study was to elucidate genetic aberrations in the tumor associated stroma and SCC tumor using array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis. Laser capture micro-dissection was performed using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, 5 week old Tgfbr2fspKO forestomach tissues. Genetic loss of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, Cdkn2a/ p16Ink4A was found in laser captured epithelia of all three Tgfbr2fspKO forestomachs. Surprisingly, no genetic change was seen in the tumor associated stroma. Examination of human esophageal SCC showed a down-regulation of TGFβ receptor 2 (TβRII) in the stromal fibroblasts as well as increased inflammation and DNA damage. Published literature showed that loss of Cdkn2a/p16Ink4A tumor suppressor is the common event in human ESCCs. Our study suggests anti-inflammation may be a new therapeutic option in treating human SCCs with down-regulation of TβRII in the stroma. Laser capture microdissection of Tgfbr2flox/flox (n=3) and Tgfbr2fspKO (n=3) forestomach tissues was performed using an Arcturus XT (Life Technologies, CA, USA). Mouse background strain is C57Bl6. Frozen tissue sections on PEN membrane frame slides (Applied Biosystems) were H&E stained followed by dehydration using the standard protocol to improve visualization of the cells at the microscope. The epithelia and stroma were identified by morphology, captured using a low-power infrared laser pulse, and transferred onto a cap (Capsure™ Macro LCM Caps, Life Technologies). The DNA was extracted using a QIAamp DNA micro kit (Qiagen, CA, USA). Array-CGH was performed using test DNA from laser captured epithelia and stroma from Tgfbr2fspKO mice. Reference DNA was laser captured from the epithelia of normal forestomach of Tgfbr2flox/flox mice. DNA was labeled with Cy3 (test) or Cy5 (control) fluorescent dyes (Perkin Elmer, MA, USA) according to the BioPrime array CGH genomic labeling protocol (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) and cleaned using Microcon YM-30 filters (Millipore, Billerica, MA). Hybridization was carried out using Mouse Genome CGH Microarray 4x180 K format from Agilent Technologies (Santa Clara, CA) according to CGH Procedures for Genomic DNA Analysis (Agilent Technologies). Slides were hybridized for 20 hours, washed, and scanned with an Agilent microarray scanner. Data was analyzed using Feature Extraction® and CGH Analytics® software packages (Agilent Technologies).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-42773
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
42773
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-11288
name:
Agilent-015028 Mouse Genome CGH Microarray 44K G4426B
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-42773/E-GEOD-42773.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-42773/E-GEOD-42773.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE42773
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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