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Title: Gene Expression Analyses of Subchondral Bone in Early Experimental Osteoarthritis by Microarray      
dateReleased:
12-11-2012
description:
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex degenerative joint disease, which is not only a cartilage but also a bone disease. A better understanding of the early molecular mechanism changes of subchondral bone in vivo may contribute to elucidating the pathogenesis of OA. We used microarray technology to investigate the time-course molecular changes of subchondral bone just beneath damaged cartilage in early stage of experimental osteoarthritis, and found 2,234 differentially expressed (DE) genes at 1 week, 1,944 at 2 weeks and 1,517 at 4 weeks postsurgery.Further analysis of dysregulated genes indicated that subchondral bone remodeling occurred sequentially and in a time-dependent manner at the gene expression level. Some known dysregulated genes suspected roles in influencing bone development or bone remodeling, such as Alp, Igf1, Tgf β1, Postn, Mmp3, Tnfsf11, Acp5, Bmp5, Aspn and Ihh, were confirmed by real-time PCR, and results indicated that our microarray data could accurately reflect gene expression patterns of early OA. Subsequently, to validate the results of our microarray analysis at protein level, immunohistochemistry staining was introduced to investigate the translational level of genes Mmp3 and Aspn in tissue sections, and results showed that the level of Mmp3 protein expression was totally matched the results of microarray and real-time PCR analysis. Nevertheless, the expression of Aspn protein was not observed differentially expressed at any time point. Ninety 10-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 300-325g, were used in the study. Animals were equally divided into two groups: experimental group (E-Group) and sham-operated group (S-Group). The E-Group rats underwent open surgery, involved in both medial meniscectomy and medial collateral ligament (MCL) transaction with micro-scissors. The S-Group rats were carried out with a sham operation, via a similar incision, without operations of the medial meniscus and the medial collateral ligament.Animals were killed at 1, 2, and 4 weeks postsurgery, and 15 animals were put into use per-timepoint in each treatment group. 5 animals were used for histological analysis and immunohistochemistry, and others were used for microarray study and Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis equally at each timepoint.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-30322
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
30322
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-MEXP-784
name:
Agilent Whole Rat Genome Microarray 4x44K 014879 G4131F
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-30322/E-GEOD-30322.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-30322/E-GEOD-30322.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE30322
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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