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Title: Effects of diet and Acads genotype on transcriptional response in brain and liver      
dateReleased:
12-20-2012
description:
How signals from fatty acid metabolism are translated into changes in food intake remains unclear. Previously we reported that mice with a genetic inactivation of Acads (short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase), encoding the enzyme responsible for mitochondrial beta-oxidation of C4-C6 short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), shift consumption away from fat and toward carbohydrate when offered a choice. This finding demonstrated that the loss of a specific enzyme in fatty acid oxidation alters the choice of diet intake. To our knowledge, there are no reports of studies on the effects of dietary fat on the brain transcriptome in genetic models of fatty acid oxidation deficiency. The current study aimed to identify molecular mediators underlying the effects of SCFA oxidation deficiency on food intake. The current study aimed to identify molecular mediators underlying the effects of SCFA oxidation deficiency on food intake. We performed a transcriptional screen for gene expression in brain tissue of Acads-/- and Acads+/+ mice fed either high-fat (HF) or low-fat (LF) diet for 2 d. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis revealed three top-scoring pathways significantly modified by genotype or diet: oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and CREB signaling in neurons. A comparison of statistically significant responses in HF Acads-/- vs. HF Acads+/+ (3917) and Acads+/+ HF vs. LF Acads+/+ (3879) revealed 2551 genes or approximately 65% in common between the two experimental comparisons. All but one of these genes were expressed in opposite direction with similar magnitude, demonstrating that Acads-deficient mice fed HF diet display transcriptional responses that mimic those of wildtype Acads+/+ mice fed LF diet. Intriguingly, genes involved in energy sensing and metabolism followed this pattern. Quantitative RT-PCR in hypothalamus confirmed the dysregulation of several genes in these pathways. Western blotting showed that the combination of Acads deficiency and HF diet increased hypothalamic AMP-kinase, a key protein in an energy-sensing cascade that responds to depletion of ATP. Our results suggest that the decreased beta oxidation of short-chain fatty acids in Acads-deficient mice fed HF diet produces a state of energy deficiency in the brain and that AMP-kinase is the cellular energy-sensing mechanism linking fatty acid oxidation to feeding behavior in this model. Twelve-week old male BALB/cByJ (Acads-/-) and BALB/cByKZ (Acads+/+) mice were fed a high-fat (D12331; Research Diets) and low-fat (D12329) diet for two days. Total RNA from whole brain tissue was obtained from three mutant (Acads-/-) and three wild-type (Acads+/+) mice of each diet group. All mice had similar body weights before diets were initiated. Gene expression in brain was compared between strains and between diets. Twelve-week old male BALB/cByJ (Acads-/-) and BALB/cByKZ (Acads+/+) mice were fed a high-fat (D12331; Research Diets) and low-fat (D12329) diet for two days. Total RNA from liver was obtained from three mutant (Acads-/-) and three wild-type (Acads+/+) mice of each diet group. All mice had similar body weights before diets were initiated. Gene expression in liver was compared between strains and diets.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-35180
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
35180
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-07-2013
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-566
name:
Applied Biosystems Mouse Genome Survey Microarray
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-35180/E-GEOD-35180.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-35180/E-GEOD-35180.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE35180
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress