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Title: Genome-wide expression profiling of laser micro-dissected macrophages from ruptured and stable atherosclerotic human plaques      
dateReleased:
12-31-2012
description:
Objective: Resident macrophages play an important role in atheromatous plaque rupture. The macrophage gene expression signature associated with plaque rupture is incompletely defined due to the complex cellular heterogeneity in the plaque. We aimed to characterise differential gene expression in resident plaque macrophages from ruptured and stable human atheromatous lesions. A cell-specific approach has the potential to address the question of gene expression differences between particular cell types in stable and unstable plaques with greater precision than approaches based on the study of whole plaques. Using laser micro-dissection, we isolated total RNA from macrophage-rich regions of stable and ruptured human atheromatous plaques derived from carotid endarterectomy samples which were comprehensively characterized using clinical, radiological and histological criteria, and carried out genome-wide gene expression profiling using microarrays. Results: The profiles were characteristic of activated macrophages. At a false discovery rate of 10%, 914 genes were differentially expressed between stable and ruptured plaques. The findings were confirmed in fourteen further stable and ruptured samples for a subset of eleven genes with the highest expression differences (p<0.05). Pathway analysis revealed that components of the PPAR/Adipocytokine signaling pathway were the most significantly upregulated in ruptured compared to stable plaques (p=5.4x10-7). Two key components of the pathway, fatty-acid binding-protein 4 (FABP4) and leptin, showed nine-fold (p=0.0086) and five-fold (p=0.0012) greater expression respectively in macrophages from ruptured plaques. Conclusions: We found differences in gene expression signatures between macrophages isolated from stable and ruptured human atheromatous plaques. Our findings indicate the involvement of FABP4 and leptin in the progression of atherosclerosis and plaque rupture, and suggest that down-regulation of PPAR/adipocytokine signaling within plaques may have therapeutic potential. Methods: We performed genome-wide expression analyses of isolated macrophage-rich regions of stable and ruptured human atherosclerotic plaques. Plaques present in carotid endarterectomy specimens were designated as stable or ruptured using clinical, radiological and histopathological criteria. Macrophage-rich regions were excised from 5 ruptured and 6 stable plaques by laser micro-dissection. Total RNA were subjected to two cycles of linear amplification. Transcriptional profiling was performed using Affymetrix HG-U133 plus 2.0 GeneChip arrays.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-41571
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
41571
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-44
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 [HG-U133_Plus_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-41571/E-GEOD-41571.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-41571/E-GEOD-41571.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE41571
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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