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Title: Transcription profiling by high array of Vitis vinifera plants in response to water deficit and Xylella fastidiosa      
dateReleased:
02-12-2013
description:
Pierce’s disease, caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, is one of the most devastating diseases of cultivated grapes. To test the long-standing hypothesis that Pierce’s disease results from pathogen-induced drought stress, we used the Affymetrix Vitis GeneChip to compare the transcriptional response of Vitis vinifera to Xylella infection, water deficit, or a combination of the two stresses. The results reveal a massive redirection of gene transcription involving 822 genes with a minimum 2-fold change (p<0.05), including the upregulation of transcripts for phenylpropanoid and flavonoid biosynthesis, pathogenesis related (PR) proteins, absisic acid (ABA)/jasmonic acid (JA)-responsive transcripts, and down-regulation of transcripts related to photosynthesis, growth and nutrition. Although the transcriptional response of plants to Xylella infection was largely distinct from the response of healthy plants to water stress, we find that 138 of the pathogen-induced genes exhibited a significantly stronger transcriptional response when plants were simultaneously exposed to infection and drought stress, suggesting a strong interaction between disease and water deficit. This interaction between drought stress and disease was mirrored in planta at the physiological level for aspects of water relations and photosynthesis, and in terms of the severity of disease symptoms and the extent of pathogen colonization, providing a molecular correlation of the classical concept of the disease triangle where environment impacts disease severity. Mature leaves were sampled from 2-year old V. vinifera cv. Cabernet sauvignon clone 8 vines 4 and 8 weeks post-mock or inoculation with Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease). Vines were grown in growth chambers under non-water limiting and water limiting conditions (moderate and severe water stress)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-44213
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
44213
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
11-21-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Vitis vinifera
ID:
A-AFFY-78
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Vitis vinifera (Grape) Genome Array [Vitis_Vinifera]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44213/E-GEOD-44213.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44213/E-GEOD-44213.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE44213
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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