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Title: Genetic adaptability of cancer cells under treatment selection pressure in multiple myeloma patients      
dateReleased:
02-13-2013
description:
Purpose Despite advances and significant improvement in survival, multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable and nearly all patients relapse after treatment. Previous studies have shown a complex spectrum of diverse genetic alterations in almost all patients, but evolution of genomic rearrangements throughout myeloma life cycle has not been investigated. Patients and Methods We performed genomic analysis integrating copy number, allele specific copy number, allele ratio calculations, breakpoint sequencing and rearrangement PCR genotyping on matched diagnosis and relapse samples from 24 MM patients either treated with proteasome inhibitor (bortezomib)-based induction regimen or conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Results All relapse samples have a clear relationship to the diagnosis clone with significant increase of copy number abnormalities (CNAs). Despite a wide diversity of CNAs acquired at relapse, regulators of NF-kB activity were targeted in 25% of the patients. Relapse-associated lesions either appeared as new acquisition or were selected from minor subpopulations at diagnosis. In one third of the patients, we found loss of abnormities containing loss of heterozygosity (LOH) providing evidence that the relapse clone derived from an ancestral clone shared with the dominant diagnosis clone. Remarkably, re-emergence of ancestral clones was almost exclusively found in patients treated with bortezomib, attested to a remarkable adaptability of myeloma cells under targeted drug selection pressure. Conclusion These data suggest that genomic instability and clonal selection are the main forces that drive adaptive changes in MM under drug selection pressure, and they support the proposal to combine several anti-myeloma drugs upfront in order to obtain long-term remissions. [SNP genotyping] 24 myeloma patients at diagnosis and relapse examined with high resolution genome-wide chip
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-25262
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
25262
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25262/E-GEOD-25262.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25262/E-GEOD-25262.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE25262
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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