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Title: The E3 ubiquitin ligase Siah2 contributes to castration-resistant prostate cancer by regulation of androgen receptor transcriptional activity cancer      
dateReleased:
02-15-2013
description:
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a central role in the development of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Here, we demonstrate that the ubiquitin ligase Siah2 targets a select pool of NCOR1-bound, transcriptionally inactive AR for ubiquitination dependent degradation, thereby promoting the expression of ~13% of AR target genes. The Siah2 binding sites located within the AR ligand-binding domain are mutated in PCa, resulting in attenuation of Siah2-mediated regulation. Siah2 is required for growth of PCa cells under androgen-deprivation conditions in vitro and in vivo. Significantly, inhibition of Siah2 promotes PCa regression upon castration and Siah2 expression is markedly increased in human CRPCs. Collectively our findings identify a key role for Siah2 in CRPC through the selective regulation of AR transcriptional activity. Tumor Harvest. When tumor size reached approximately 1.5 cm in diameter (6-8 weeks after injection), and the serum PSA was greater than 50 ng/ml, animals were surgically castrated under methoxyfluorane anesthesia and monitored for PSA levels for several weeks. Animals were sacrificed by carbon dioxide asphyxiation when tumors were harvested at several points along the PSA curve (pre-castrate (11), regressing (6), nadir (10), recurring (6) and castration resistant (12). Tumor segments were placed in RNALater (Qiagen) and frozen immediately at -80°C.weeks. Tumors were harvested at several points along the PSA curve. The epithelial:stromal ratio is consistent within this tumor model and varies 10% between tumors, as assessed by immunohistochemistry of cytokeratin 14 (epithelium) and vimentin (stroma).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-44319
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
44319
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-24-2013
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-16604
name:
Agilent-032034 VPC Human 180K v3 (Probe Name version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44319/E-GEOD-44319.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44319/E-GEOD-44319.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE44319
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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