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Title: Structurally distinct polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons induce differential transcriptional responses in developing zebrafish      
dateReleased:
05-15-2013
description:
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous in the environment as components of fossil fuels and by-products of combustion. These multi-ring chemicals differentially activate the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) in a structurally-dependent manner, and induce toxicity via both AHR-dependent and -independent mechanisms. PAH exposure is known to induce developmental malformations in zebrafish embryos, and recent studies have shown cardiac toxicity induced by compounds with low AHR affinity. Unraveling the potentially diverse molecular mechanisms of PAH toxicity is essential for understanding the hazard posed by complex PAH mixtures present in the environment. We analyzed transcriptional responses to PAH exposure in zebrafish embryos exposed to benz(a)anthracene (BAA), dibenzothiophene (DBT) and pyrene (PYR) at a concentration that induces developmental malformations by 120 hours post-fertilization (hpf). Whole genome microarray analysis of mRNA expression at 24 and 48 hpf identified genes that were differentially regulated over time and in response to the three PAH structures. PAH body burden was analyzed at these time points using GC-MS, and demonstrated differences in PAH uptake into the embryos. This was important for discerning dose-related differences from those that represented unique molecular mechanisms. While BAA misregulated the smallest number of transcripts, it caused strong induction of cyp1a and other genes known to be downstream of the AHR, which were not induced by the other two PAHs. Analysis of functional roles of misregulated genes and their predicted regulatory transcription factors also distinguished the BAA response from regulatory networks disrupted by DBT and PYR exposure. These results indicate that systems approaches can be used to classify the toxicity of PAHs based on the networks perturbed following exposure and may provide a path for unraveling the toxicity of complex PAH mixtures. Gene expression was measured in zebrafish embryos after exposure to PAHs. Embryos were batch-exposed in groups of 40 to 25 μM BAA, 25 μM DBT, 25 μM PYR or 1% DMSO vehicle control starting at 6 hpf and collected at 24 or 48 hpf. Four independent biological replicates were prepared for each treatment. The reference was a pool of zebrafish embryos exposed to DMSO control until 24 and 48 hpf.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-44130
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
44130
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Danio rerio
ID:
A-MEXP-1510
name:
Agilent D. rerio (Zebrafish) Oligo Microarray 4x44K 019161 G2519F 85 cols x 532 rows
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44130/E-GEOD-44130.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44130/E-GEOD-44130.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE44130
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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