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Title: miRNA-720 regulates stem cell phenotype, proliferation and differentiation of dental pulp cells      
dateReleased:
05-17-2013
description:
Small non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to play crucial roles in stem cell biology, related to cell reprogramming, maintenance of stemness and regulation of cell differentiation. In an attempt to search for novel miRNAs that can control the fate of dental tissue-derived stem cells, we sorted side population (SP) cells, known to be enriched in stem cells, from dental pulp cells (DPCs) and periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs), and performed a miRNA array. As a result, miR-200b and miR-607 were highly expressed in SP cells, whereas miR-1260b and miR-720 was highly expressed in the differentiated main population (MP) cells. Of note, gain-and-loss of function analysis showed that miR-720 regulates the expression of pluripotency factor NANOG and DNA methyltransferases DNMT3A, DNMT3B and DNMT1 in DPCs. Knockdown of miR-720 significantly increased the levels of NANOG as well as the number of cells positive to the stem cell marker SSEA-4, but down-regulated the levels of DNMTs. miR-720 also regulated the proliferation of DPCs as determined by immunocytochemical analysis against ki-67, as well as odontogenic differentiation demonstrated by alizarin red staining, alkaline phosphatase activity and osteopontin mRNA level. Our findings identify mi-720 as a novel miRNA involved in the regulation of stem cell fate of DPCs. Two cell types (dental pulp cells(DPCs), periodontal ligament cells(PDLCs)) were sorted by FACS to isolate side population (SP) and main population (MP) cells. Then a microRNA array was performed with the SP and MP cells of DPCs and PDLCs.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-47025
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
47025
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-11434
name:
miRCURY LNA microRNA Array, 6th generation - hsa, mmu & rno
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-47025/E-GEOD-47025.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-47025/E-GEOD-47025.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE47025
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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