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Title: PGC methylome analysis revealed large, germline-specific mouse hypomethylated DNA domains with unique genomic and epigenomic features [DNA methylation_Agilent]      
dateReleased:
07-01-2013
description:
With the goal of understanding the epigenetic regulation required for germ cell-specific gene expression, we devised a method of DNA methylation analysis adapted for a small number of developing germ cells. This microarray-based method provides the genome-wide assay of DNA methylation using a sub-nanogram quantity of genomic DNA. Using this technique, we obtained DNA methylation profiles for mouse germ cells in various developmental stages including primordial germ cells (PGC) and for stem cells derived from embryos or germ cells. Cluster analysis of the data revealed that each cell type possesses its own characteristic DNA methylation profile, enabling classification of the cell types. This classification is generally consistent with that based on gene expression profiles except for primordial germ cells, whose genome is globally hypomethylated. Among the differentially methylated sites thus identified, we focused on a group of genomic sequences hypomethylated specifically in germline cells. These hypomethylated sequences tend to be clustered, forming large (10 kb to ~9 Mb) genomic domains. Most of these hypomethylated regions designated here as Large Hypomethylated Domain (LoD) correspond to segmentally duplicated regions that contain gene families showing germ cell-specific expression. These include mouse orthologues of human cancer testis antigen genes. Most LoDs appear to be enriched with H3 lysine 9 dimethylation (H3K9me2), usually regarded as a repressive histone modification. It thus appears t hat such a unique epigenomic state (i.e., DNA hypomethylation with H3K9me2 enrichment) may be a prerequisite for the expression of genes contained in these genomic domains. DNA methylation data sets from cumulus cells.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-39891
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
39891
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-15875
name:
Agilent-025219 HELP mm8 array [condensed version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39891/E-GEOD-39891.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-39891/E-GEOD-39891.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE39891
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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