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Title: MIRnome Profiling of Hereditary Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma Reveals Specific Signatures According to Primary Mutation: Possible Implications in the Differentiation Status of Tumor Cells      
dateReleased:
07-02-2013
description:
Pheochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL) are rare neuroendocrine neoplasias of neural crest origin. They can be part of several syndromes, and their mRNA profile is dependent on genetic background, but questions related to clinical behavior or even main location remain unanswered. MicroRNAs are key modulators of target genes through translational repression, mRNA degradation, or both, and therefore they could resolve some of these issues. To determine the role microRNAs play in tumorigenesis and progression of PCC/PGL, as well as to identify microRNA biomarkers specifically related to different PCC/PGL genetic classes known so far, we characterized microRNA profiles in a large series of frozen tumors with germline mutations in SDHD, SDHB, VHL, RET, NF1, and TMEM127 genes through microarray analysis. We identified microRNA signatures specific to, as well as common among, the genetic classes of PCC/PGLs, and the best candidate microRNAs (miR-122, miR-126*, miR-129*, miR-133b, miR-137, miR-183, miR-210, miR-382, miR-488, miR-885-5p, and miR-96) were validated in an independent series of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded PCC/PGL samples by qRT-PCR. MicroRNA-137, -96/183, and -143/145 expression in PCC/PGLs correlated inversely with the differentiation status of tumor cells. MicroRNA-210, -382, and -380 could modulate pseudohypoxic cellular response in VHL-deficient PCC/PGL. MicroRNA-193b, -365, and -424 were commonly downregulated among all genetic classes, suggesting their involvement in cell cycle control and differentiation. Herein, we demonstrate that PCC/PGLs have different microRNA profiles according to the underlying primary mutation, suggesting they could be used as specific biomarkers and add information on the etiology of these tumors. For this study, we employed the Agilent-019118 Human miRNA Microarray 2.0 G4470B (with Labeling kit: Agilent miRNA labeling reagent and Hybridization Kit, Cat # 5190-0408) to perform microRNA expression profiling on a large series of 54 fresh-frozen tissue samples, including a total of 48 genetically characterized pheochromocytomas (n=37) and paragangliomas (n=11) (8 SDHB-related tumors, 4 SDHD-related tumors, 14 Ret-related tumors, 12 VHL-related tumors, 4 NF1-related tumors, 3 TMEM127-related tumors, and 3 familial pheochromocytoma (FPCC) samples), and 6 normal adrenal medulla. Normalization of array data was performed applying the robust multiarray average (RMA) method using the AgiMicroRna package in Bioconductor. RMA normalization, by default, merges replicates of each probe and produces an Eset with a single value for each microRNA.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-29742
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
29742
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-8227
name:
Agilent-019118 Human miRNA Microarray 2.0 G4470B (GeneView version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29742/E-GEOD-29742.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29742/E-GEOD-29742.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE29742
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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