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Title: A Proneural to Mesenchymal Transition Mediated by NFkB Promotes Radiation Resistance in Glioblastoma (part 2)      
dateReleased:
08-15-2013
description:
SUMMARY Despite numerous genome-wide association studies involving glioblastoma (GBM), few therapeutic targets have been identified for this disease. Using patient derived glioma sphere cultures (GSCs), we have found that a subset of the proneural (PN) GSCs undergo transition to a mesenchymal (MES) state in a TNFa/NFkB dependent manner with an associated enrichment of CD44 sub-populations and radio-resistant phenotypes. To the contrary, MES GSCs exhibit constitutive NFkB activation, CD44 enrichment and radio-resistance. Patients whose tumors exhibit a higher MES metagene, increased expression of CD44, or activated NFkB were associated with poor radiation response and shorter survival. Our results indicate that NFkB activation mediated MES differentiation and radiation resistance presents an attractive therapeutic target for GBM. SIGNIFICANCE In this study, we show plasticity between the proneural (PN) and mesenchymal (MES) transcriptome signatures observed in glioblastoma (GBM). Specifically, we show that PN glioma sphere cultures (GSCs) can be induced to a MES state with an associated enrichment of CD44 expressing cells and a gain of radio-resistance, which we implicate as NFkB- dependent. Newly diagnosed GBM samples show a direct correlation between radiation response, higher MES metagene, CD44 expression, and NFkB activation. This correlation is also observed in the subset of GBM samples that do not exhibit IDH1 mutation, a favorable prognostic marker. Our results uncover a previously unknown link between subtype plasticity that is regulated by NFkB. Inhibition of NFkB activation can directly impact radio-resistance and presents an attractive therapeutic target for GBM. 4 treatments
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-49162
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
49162
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-27-2013
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-17486
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133A 2.0 Array [CDF: HGU133A2_Hs_ENSG_16.0.0]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49162/E-GEOD-49162.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49162/E-GEOD-49162.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE49162
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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