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Title: Co-regulated gene expression by estrogen receptor-α and liver receptor homolog-1 is a feature of the estrogen response in breast cancer cells      
dateReleased:
09-01-2013
description:
Estrogen receptor α (ERα) is a nuclear receptor that is the driving transcription factor expressed in the majority of breast cancers. Recent studies have demonstrated that the liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1), another nuclear receptor, is ERα-regulated in breast cancer cells. Further, LRH-1 stimulates proliferation and promotes motility and invasion of breast cancer cells. To determine the mechanisms of LRH-1 action in breast cancer cells, we carried out gene expression microarray analysis following siRNA-mediated LRH-1 knockdown. Interestingly, gene ontology (GO) category enrichment analysis of the genes differentially regulated in the presence or absence of LRH-1 identified estrogen responsive genes as the most highly enriched GO categories. To further define LRH-1 target genes, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled to massively parallel sequencing (ChIP-seq) to identify genomic targets of LRH-1. Remarkably, ChIP-seq showed LRH-1 binding at many ERα binding sites. Analysis of select binding sites confirmed regulation of ERα-regulated genes by LRH-1 through binding to estrogen response elements, as exemplified by the TFF1/pS2 gene. Finally, LRH-1 over-expression stimulated ERα recruitment, whilst LRH-1 knockdown reduced ERα recruitment to ERα binding sites. Taken together, our findings establish a key role for LRH-1 in the regulation of ERα target genes in breast cancer cells and identify a mechanism in which co-operative binding of LRH-1 and ERα at estrogen response elements controls the expression of estrogen-responsive genes. MCF-7 cells were transfected with LRH-1 siRNA #2, #3, or with a non-targeting siRNA (siControl) for 72 hours. Following assessment of RNA integrity, four biological replicates for each siRNA treatment were used for microarray analysis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-47803
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
47803
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-MEXP-1171
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 v3.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-47803/E-GEOD-47803.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-47803/E-GEOD-47803.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE47803
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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