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Title: Gene content or gene expression, which determines the difference in host specificity and virulence of strains of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri?      
dateReleased:
09-05-2013
description:
Xanthomonas is one important model microbe to study the molecular determinants of virulence and host range of pathogens since Xanthomonas is capable of infecting numerous monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants. Among the plant diseases caused by Xanthomonas, X. citri subsp. citri (Xcc) causes citrus canker, which has significant impact on citrus production. Xcc is classified into different strains primarily by host range including A and Aw. The A (Asiatic) strain (XccA) has a wide host range and is most virulent, whereas Aw (Wellington) strain has restricted host range including Key or Mexican lime and alemow. We hypothesized that not only gene content but also gene expression contributes to the difference in virulence and host range of closely related strains. To test our hypothesis, comparative genomic and transcriptome analyses were conducted to study the two closely related Xcc A and Aw strains. The genome of X. citri subsp. citri strain Aw12879 (Xcaw) was completely sequenced using 454 Pyrosequencing, Illumina sequencing and Optical mapping. The finished genome (5.3 Mb chromosome and two plasmids pXcaw19 and pXcaw58) of Xcaw was annotated, curated and compared with XccA genome. Protein blast revealed multiple genes including type III secretion system (TIIISS) effectors xopAF and xopAG are present in Xcaw but absent in XccA. Comparative genomic analysis showed various changes in genes encoding LPS and type IV secretion system. Furthermore, RNA-Seq was used to compare expression profile of Xcaw and XccA in nutrient rich (NB) medium and XVM2 medium which is known to mimic the intercellular space of plant cells using Illumina sequencing. Multiple avirulence/effector genes were over-expressed in Xcaw compared to XccA which might contribute to the limited host range of Xcaw compared to XccA. The overexpression of genes involved in cell wall degradation, attachment, ROS (reactive oxygen species) scavenging, nutrient transportation in XccA might contribute to its expanding of host range. Our data suggest that both gene content and gene expression contribute to difference in virulence and host range of bacterial pathogens. This study lays the foundation to further characterize the mechanisms for virulence and host range of strains of X. citri subsp. citri and other bacterial pathogens. mRNA expression profiles of Xcc strain A and Aw were generated in 2 media: NB and XVM2 by deep sequencing, in triplicate, using Illumina GAII.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-41519
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
41519
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-41519/E-GEOD-41519.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-41519/E-GEOD-41519.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE41519
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress