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Title: Niche-based screening identifies small-molecule inhibitors of leukemia stem cells      
dateReleased:
09-20-2013
description:
Efforts to develop more effective therapies for acute leukemia may benefit from high-throughput screening systems that reflect the complex physiology of the disease, including leukemia stem cells (LSCs) and supportive interactions with the bone-marrow microenvironment. The therapeutic targeting of LSCs is challenging because LSCs are highly similar to normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and are protected by stromal cells in vivo. We screened 14,718 compounds in a leukemia-stroma co-culture system for inhibition of cobblestone formation, a cellular behavior associated with stem-cell function. Among those that inhibited malignant cells but spared HSPCs was the cholesterol-lowering drug lovastatin. Lovastatin showed anti-LSC activity in vitro and in an in vivo bone marrow transplantation model. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that the effect was on-target, via inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. These results suggest that statins should be re-evaluated as anti-leukemia agents, and illustrate the power of merging physiologically-relevant models with high-throughput screening. Freshly isolated LSCe cells were treated with either 5µM BRD7116 or DMSO vehicle control for 6 hours in suspension in IMDM (12440053, Invitrogen), 10% FBS. Total RNA was extracted from the cells, labeled, and hybridized to MouseRef-8 v2.0 Expression BeadChips. Hartwell, K.A. et al., In Press (full citation forthcoming)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51033
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51033
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-1174
name:
Illumina MouseRef-8 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51033/E-GEOD-51033.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51033/E-GEOD-51033.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51033
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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