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Title: Short telomeres compromise β-cell signaling and survival      
dateReleased:
10-01-2013
description:
The factors that underlie the increasing incidence of diabetes with age are poorly understood. We examined whether telomere length, known to decrease with age, plays a role in the age-dependent increased incidence of diabetes. We show that in mice with short telomeres, insulin secretion is impaired and leads to glucose intolerance despite the presence of an intact β-cell mass. Islets from mice with short telomeres displayed evidence of β-cell dysfunction, and in response to glucose, had defective mitochondrial membrane depolarization as well as Ca2+ handling which limited insulin release. Short telomeres induced the hallmarks of senescence including premature accumulation of p16INK4a, and altered gene expression of key pathways essential for signaling and insulin secretion. Short telomeres also had an additive damaging effect to endoplasmic reticulum stress which occurs in the late stages of type 2 diabetes. This manifested as more severe hyperglycemia in insulin mutant Akita mice which had a more profound loss of β-cell mass and increased β-cell apoptosis. Our data identify impaired signaling in the setting of senescence as a novel mechanism of telomere-mediated disease, and implicate telomere length as a determinant of risk and pathogenesis in diabetes. The experiment is designed to analyze gene expression profiles of islets from mice with short telomeres compared to those of wildtype mice.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-25040
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
25040
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
10-07-2013
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-98
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Exon 1.0 ST Array [MoEx-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25040/E-GEOD-25040.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25040/E-GEOD-25040.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE25040
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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