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Title: Genome-wide Analysis of Chromatin Interactions in Human Cells      
dateReleased:
10-20-2013
description:
Millions of cis-regulatory sequences have recently been found in the human genome, but the function of most cis-elements are not yet clear, in part due to the difficulty in determining their regulatory targets, which are often located millions of base pairs away and separated by one or more unrelated genes. To address this problem, the Hi-C method has been developed to identify long-range looping interactions in a genome-wide, unbiased fashion. However, current data analysis of Hi-C datasets cannot fully resolve regulatory interactions between enhancers and promoters due to the low resolution. Here, we generated a high-depth Hi-C dataset and applied a new analysis method that offers improved resolution permitting genome-wide identification of nearly one million chromatin interactions. We demonstrated the use of Hi-C to identify target promoters of enhancers regulated by NF-κB signaling and signal-dependent dynamic chromatin interaction at these enhancers in human cells. Surprisingly, our results showed that most NF-κB binding sites are looped to their regulatory targets prior to activation of the signaling pathway, and appear to undergo little change during signaling. This observation suggests that the chromatin organization landscape, once established in a cell type, is rather stable and may influence the selection and activation of target genes by a transcription factor. We performed Hi-C analysis using a human fibroblast cell line IMR90 before and after NF-κB activation. In the meantime, we also performed ChIP-seq experiments to map the location of NF-κB p65 subunit, RNA polymerase II, p300, and several histone modifications (including H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K27ac and H3K36me3) in IMR90 cells before and after transient TNF-α stimulation. Additionally, to monitor the dynamic transcription profiles, we also performed Global Run-On sequencing (GRO-seq).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-43070
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
43070
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-04-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-43070/E-GEOD-43070.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-43070/E-GEOD-43070.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE43070
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress