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Title: Mepenzolate bromide displays beneficial effects in a mouse model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease      
dateReleased:
11-13-2013
description:
For the clinical treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), it is important not only to improve the airflow limitation by bronchodilation but also to suppress emphysema by controlling inflammation. In this study, we have screened for compounds that prevent elastase-induced airspace enlargement in mice from medicines already used clinically. Mepenzolate bromide, a muscarinic antagonist used to treat gastrointestinal disorders was selected. Intratracheal administration or inhalation of mepenzolate bromide decreased the severity of elastase-induced airspace enlargement, alteration of lung mechanics and respiratory dysfunction. While mepenzolate bromide showed bronchodilatory activity, most of other muscarinic antagonists tested did not improve the elastase-induced pulmonary disorders. Mepenzolate bromide suppressed elastase-induced pulmonary inflammatory responses and production of superoxide anions, and reduced the level of cigarette smoke-induced airspace enlargement and alteration of lung mechanics. Based on these results, we propose that this drug is therapeutically effective for COPD as a consequence of both its anti-inflammatory and bronchodilatory activities. In order to understand the mechanism governing mepenzolate-dependent decrease in inflammatory responses and oxidative stress, we performed DNA microarray analysis at the lung of mepenzolate-administered (or control) mice. We then analyzed gene sets that were differently expressed at 25 hours after administration of mepenzolate using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-50836
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
50836
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
11-25-2013
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-130
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array [MoGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50836/E-GEOD-50836.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50836/E-GEOD-50836.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE50836
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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