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Title: Real-time quantitative PCR analysis reveals high expression of activin A during NK-DC interactions      
dateReleased:
11-13-2013
description:
The interaction of natural killer (NK) cells with dendritic cells (DC) results in reciprocal cell activation through the interaction of membrane proteins and the release of soluble factors. Here we report that in NK-DC cocultures, among a set of 84 cytokines investigated, activin A was the second highest induced gene, with CXCL8 being the most upregulated one. Activin A is a member of the TGF-β superfamily and was previously shown to possess both pro- and antiinflammatory activities. In NK-DC cocultures, the induction of activin A required cell contact and was dependent on the presence of proinflammatory cytokines (i.e. IFN-γ, TNF-α and GM-CSF) as well as on NK cell-mediated DC killing. CD1+ DC were the main activin A producer cells among myeloid blood DC subsets. In NK-DC cocultures, inhibition of acitivn A by follistatin, a natural inhibitory protein, or by a specific blocking antibody, resulted in the upregulation of proinflammatory cytokine release (i.e. IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) by DC and in the increase of DC maturation. In conclusion, our study reports that activin A, produced during NK-DC interactions, represents a relevant negative feedback mechanism that might function to prevent excessive immune activation by DC. Human CD14 positive monocytes were differentiated to DC in vitro in the presence of IL-4 (20 ng/ml) and GM-CSF (50 ng/ml) for 6 days. Immature DC were then cocultured with allogeneic IL-15-activated NK cells (at 1:1 NK:DC ratio) for 0, 2 and 6 hrs. RNA was obtained from three independent coculture experiments. Equal amount of total RNA from each experiment was pooled prior to gene expression analysis. The gene expression of common cytokines was quantified using an RT2 Profiler PCR Array (Qiagen).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-52306
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
52306
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-11-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-17916
name:
Human Common Cytokines RT² Profiler™ PCR Array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-52306/E-GEOD-52306.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-52306/E-GEOD-52306.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE52306
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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