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Title: CpG island-specific demethylation pathway in ES cells      
dateReleased:
11-17-2013
description:
Following erasure in the early animal embryo, a new bimodal DNA methylation pattern is regenerated at the time of implantation in each individual through a wave of generalized de novo modification with CpG islands specifically left unmethylated. In this paper, we ask whether CpG islands are “protected” from de novo methylation or, alternatively, acquire their unmodified state through “demethylation.” Using a genetic approach, we demonstrate that ES cells indeed have the ability to specifically demethylate CpG islands through pathways involving hydroxymethylation (Tet1), deamination (Aid), glycosylation (Mbd4) and excision repair (Gadd45a) genes. Surprisingly, this demethylation system is not actually necessary for generating the overall bimodal methylation pattern in ES cells. This general activity does, however, appear to be involved both in somatic cell reprogramming, as well as the normal methylation reprogramming that takes place in the early embryo. CpG-methylated genomic DNA was enriched using a methyl-DNA immunoprecipitation (mDIP) assay. DNA from the input and bound (enriched) DNA for each sample were labeled and hybridized on the array to define the methylation state of each region.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-48923
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
48923
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-7099
name:
Agilent-015279:Mouse CpG Island ChIP-on-Chip Microarray 2x105K (G4811A)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-48923/E-GEOD-48923.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-48923/E-GEOD-48923.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE48923
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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