Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Jnk1 in murine hepatic stellate cells is a crucial mediator of liver fibrogenesis      
dateReleased:
11-27-2013
description:
Hepatic fibrosis is a wound-healing response to chronic liver injury, which may result in cirrhosis and liver failure. The c-Jun N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK1) gene has been shown to be involved in liver fibrosis. Here, we aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism and identify the cell-type involved in mediating the JNK1-dependent effect on liver fibrogenesis Wild-type (WT), JNK1−/− and JNK1Δhepa (hepatocyte-specific deletion of JNK1) mice were subjected to bile duct ligation (BDL). Additionally, we performed bone marrow transplantations (BMT), isolated primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and studied their activation in vitro. Serum markers of liver damage (liver transaminases, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin) and liver histology revealed reduced injury in JNK1−/− compared to WT and JNK1Δhepa mice. Hepatocyte cell death and proliferation was reduced in JNK1−/− compared to WT and JNK1Δhepa. Parameters of liver fibrosis such as Sirius Red staining as well as Collagen IA1 and αSMA expression were down-regulated in JNK1−/− compared to WT and JNK1Δhepa livers, 4 weeks after BDL. To delineate the essential cell-type, we performed BMT of WT and JNK1-/- into JNK1-/- and WT mice, respectively. BMT experiments excluded bone marrow derived cells from having a major impact on the JNK1-dependent effect on fibrogenesis. Hence, we investigated primary HSCs from JNK1−/− livers showing reduced transdifferentiation compared with WT and JNK1Δhepa-derived HSCs. We conclude that JNK1 in HSCs plays a crucial role in hepatic fibrogenesis and thus represents a promising target for cell-directed treatment options for liver fibrosis. Control (JNK1f/f), JNK1 null (JNK1-/-) and hepatocyte-specific JNK1 null (JNK1Δhepa) mice were subjected to control, acute and chronic injury, i.e. sham or bile-duct ligation for 48h or 28 days resp., whereafter gene expression profiles were determined.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-40041
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
40041
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-11533
name:
[MoGene-1_1-st-v1] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.1 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-40041/E-GEOD-40041.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-40041/E-GEOD-40041.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE40041
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.