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Title: Maternal hematopoietic TNF, via milk chemokines, programs hippocampal development and memory      
dateReleased:
12-01-2013
description:
TNF is a proinflammatory cytokine with established roles in host defense and immune system organogenesis. Here we report a novel physiological function of TNF that extends its effect beyond the host into the developing offspring. A partial/complete maternal TNF-deficit, specifically in hematopoietic cells, resulted in reduced milk levels of chemokines IP-10, MCP-1/-3/-5, and MIP-1β, which in turn, augmented offspring postnatal hippocampal proliferation, leading to improved adult spatial memory. These effects were reproduced by the postpartum administration of a clinically used anti-TNF agent. Chemokines, fed to suckling pups of TNF-deficient mothers, restored both postnatal proliferation and adult spatial memory to normal levels. This work identifies a TNF-dependent “lactrocrine” pathway that programs offspring hippocampal development and memory. The level of ambient TNF is known to be downregulated by physical activity/exercise and adaptive stress; thus, we propose that the maternal TNF-milk chemokine pathway evolved to promote offspring adaptation to post-weaning environmental challenges/competition. Examined transcriptomes of TNF wild type offspring of TNF wild type or heterozygouse mothers
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-52069
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
52069
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-52069/E-GEOD-52069.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-52069/E-GEOD-52069.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE52069
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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