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Title: Hypermethylation of GABRE~miR-452~miR-224 in prostate cancer predicts biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy      
dateReleased:
12-11-2013
description:
Purpose: Available tools for prostate cancer (PC) diagnosis and prognosis are suboptimal and novel biomarkers are urgently needed. Here, we investigated the regulation and biomarker potential of the GABRE~miR-452~miR-224 genomic locus. Experimental design: GABRE/miR-452/miR-224 transcriptional expression was quantified in 80 non-malignant and 281 PC tissue samples. GABRE promoter methylation was determined by methylation-specific qPCR (MethyLight) in 35 non-malignant, 293 PC (radical prostatectomy (RP) cohort 1) and 198 PC tissue samples (RP cohort 2). Diagnostic/prognostic biomarker potential of GABRE methylation was evaluated by ROC, Kaplan-Meier, uni- and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Functional roles of miR-224 and miR-452 were investigated in PC3 and DU145 cells by viability, migration, and invasion assays and gene-set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of post-transfection transcriptional profiling data. Results: GABRE~miR-452~miR-224 was significantly downregulated in PC compared to non-malignant prostate tissue and had highly cancer-specific aberrant promoter hypermethylation (AUC=0.98). Functional studies and GSEA suggested that miR-224 and miR-452 inhibit proliferation, migration, and invasion of PC3 and DU145 cells by direct/indirect regulation of pathways related to the cell cycle and cellular motility. Finally, in uni- and multivariate analyses, high GABRE promoter methylation was significantly associated with biochemical recurrence in RP cohort 1, which was successfully validated in RP cohort 2. Conclusion: The GABRE~miR-452~miR-224 locus is downregulated and hypermethylated in PC and is a new promising epigenetic candidate biomarker for PC diagnosis and prognosis. Tumor suppressive functions of the intronic miR-224 and miR-452 were demonstrated in two PC cell lines, suggesting that epigenetic silencing of GABRE~miR-452~miR-224 may be selected for in PC. Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Arrays were used for whole-genome transcriptional profiling of DU145 and PC3 cells at 48 hours post-transfection with either miR-224, miR-452, or scrambled miRNA mimics, or untransfected. All experiments were performed in duplicate. Transcript expression levels were determined after RMA16 normalization in GeneSpringGX 11.0 software (Agilent). PC3 and DU145 arrays were normalized separately. DU145 48 t Scr2a were excluded from the study because of bad performance of this microarray.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51053
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51053
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-13-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-141
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51053/E-GEOD-51053.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51053/E-GEOD-51053.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51053
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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