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Title: Non-CG methylation patterns shape the epigenetic landscape in Arabidopsis      
dateReleased:
12-15-2013
description:
DNA methylation occurs in both CG and non-CG sequence contexts. Non-CG methylation is abundant in plants, and is mediated by CHROMOMETHYLASE (CMT) and DOMAINS REARRANGED METHYLTRANSFERASE (DRM) proteins; however its roles remain poorly understood. Here we characterize the roles of non-CG methylation in Arabidopsis thaliana. We show that a poorly characterized methyltransferase, CMT2, is a functional methyltransferase in vitro and in vivo. CMT2 specifically binds histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) dimethylation and methylates non-CG cytosines at sites that are also regulated by H3K9 dimethylation. By generating different combinations of non-CG methylation mutants, we reveal the contributions and redundancies between each methyltransferase in DNA methylation patterning and in regulating transposable elements (TEs) and protein-coding genes. We also demonstrate extensive dependencies of small RNA accumulation and H3K9 methylation patterning on non-CG methylation, suggesting self-reinforcing mechanisms between these epigenetic factors. The results suggest that non-CG methylation patterns are critical in shaping the histone modification and small non-coding RNA landscapes. Eighteen mRNA-seq samples, five smRNA-seq samples, five bisulfite-seq samples, twenty ChIP-seq samples. Bisulfite-seq data for cmt2-7 single mutants, cmt3 single mutants, drm1/2 double mutants, drm1/2 cmt3 triple mutants are deposited in GSE39901. Processed wiggle format files for all datasets can be downloaded at
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51304
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51304
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-19-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Arabidopsis thaliana
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51304/E-GEOD-51304.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51304/E-GEOD-51304.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51304
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress