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Title: Investigation of breast cancer-associated mutations in RND1 gene      
dateReleased:
01-01-2014
description:
We identified the Rho family GTPase Rnd1 as a candidate breast tumor suppressor by using bioinformatics analysis in conjunction with iRNA silencing. Upon silencing of Rnd1, normal mammary epithelial cells underwent a complete EMT but eventually became senescent, suggesting that they had experienced an oncogenic insult. Expression of c-Myc rescued the Rnd1-depleted cells from senescence by suppressing p27Kip and it enabled their neoplastic conversion. The resulting cells were able to grow in soft agar and to form invasive, multi-acinar structures in 3D Matrigel. Silencing of Rnd1 promoted disruption of epithelial adhesion and polarity in xenograft models. In contrast, expression of Rnd1 inhibited tumor development. Mechanistic studies revealed that Rnd1 suppresses Ras signaling and prevents the EMT by activating the Ras-GAP domain of Plexin B1. Finally, analysis of clinical samples and cancer cell lines provided evidence that gene deletion, epigenetic silencing, and missense mutations contribute to inactivate RND1 in a subset of human breast cancers. These results indicate that Rnd1 promotes epithelial adhesion and polarity and suppresses oncogenesis by restraining unscheduled activation of Ras. genomic DNA from 96 breast cancer tissues and 8 normal mammary tissues were extracted and subjected to SOLID deep sequencing for exons of the RND1 gene to identify tumor-associated mutations with the amino acid exchanges There were two separate SOLID runs (0136 and 0270), on the same 96 tumors. The pools are indicated by "A1", "A2", "B1", etc.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-43828
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
43828
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-23-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-43828/E-GEOD-43828.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-43828/E-GEOD-43828.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE43828
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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