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Title: Transcription factor Achaete-Scute homologue 2 initiates T follicular helper cell development [ChIP-Seq]      
dateReleased:
01-01-2014
description:
In immune responses, activated T cells migrate to B cell follicles and develop to T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, a new subset of CD4+ T cells specialized in providing help to B lymphocytes in the induction of germinal centers 1-3. Although Bcl6 has been shown to be essential in Tfh cell function, it may not regulate the initial migration of T cells 4 or the induction of Tfh program as exampled by CXCR5 upregulation 5. Here, we show that the Achaete-Scute homologue 2 (Ascl2) gene that encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor 6, is selectively upregulated in its expression in Tfh cells. Ectopic expression of Ascl2 uniquely upregulates CXCR5 but not Bcl6 and downregulates CCR7 expression in T cells in vitro and accelerates T cell migration to the follicles and Tfh cell development in vivo. Combined transcriptome profiling and genome-wide occupancy analysis indicate that Ascl2 directly regulates Tfh-related genes while inhibits expression of Th1 and Th17 genes. Acute deletion of Ascl2 as well as blockade of its function with the Id3 protein in peripheral CD4+ T cells results in a failure in Tfh cell development and the germinal center response. Conversely, mutation of Id3, known to cause antibody-mediated autoimmunity, greatly enhances Tfh cell generation. Thus, Ascl2 critically and directly initiates Tfh cell development. Decide Ascl2 binding sites in CD4+ T cells
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-52839
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
52839
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-31-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-52839/E-GEOD-52839.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-52839/E-GEOD-52839.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE52839
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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