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Title: Drug screening for Dravet syndrome using Scn1a zebrafish mutants      
dateReleased:
01-04-2014
description:
Severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI), or Dravet syndrome (DS), is a catastrophic pediatric epilepsy with severe intellectual disability, impaired social development, and persistent drug-resistant seizures. One of its primary monogenic causes is a mutation in SCN1A (Nav1.1), a type I voltage-gated sodium channel. In mice, Nav1.1 mutation is associated with reduced sodium current, altered interneuron firing, cognitive deficits, autistic-like traits and seizures. Here we describe a larval zebrafish Nav1.1 mutant that recapitulates salient features of the human SCN1A mutation phenotype. Between three and seven days post-fertilization, Nav1.1 mutants exhibit spontaneous abnormal electrographic activity, hyperactivity and convulsive behaviors. Transcriptomic analysis of Nav1.1 mutants was remarkable for the relatively small fraction of genes that were differentially expressed (~2%) and the lack of compensatory changes in expression for other SCN subunits. Pharmacological studies confirmed an antiepileptic action for the ketogenic diet, benzodiazepine, valproate, potassium bromide and stiripentol in Nav1.1 mutants; acetazolamide, phenytoin, ethosuximide had no effect, carbamazepine and vigabatrin made seizures worse. Using this mutant, we screened a chemical library of 320 compounds and identified four compounds that reduced spontaneous seizure-like behavior and one compound (clemizole) that inhibited convulsive behavior and electrographic seizures. Drug-resistant scn1a zebrafish mutants described here represent a new direction in modeling pediatric epilepsy and could be used to identify novel lead compounds for DS patients 4 Control sibling samples (sample= 10 pooled larvae) and 4 Nav1.1 mutants (sample= 10 pooled larvae) were collected at 6 dpf (days post fertilization). The Nav1.1 mutants were selected based on phenotype (dark color).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-43312
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
43312
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Danio rerio
ID:
A-GEOD-14664
name:
Agilent-026437 D. rerio (Zebrafish) Oligo Microarray V3 (Probe Name version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-43312/E-GEOD-43312.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-43312/E-GEOD-43312.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE43312
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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