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Title: White Matter transcriptome in chronic alcoholism      
dateReleased:
01-04-2014
description:
Chronic alcohol consumption can lead to alchohol-related brain damage (ARBD). Despite the well known acute effects of alcohol the mechanism responsible for chronic brain damage is largely unknown. Pathologically the major change is the loss of white matter while neuronal loss is mild and restricted to a few areas such as the prefrontal cortex. In order to improve our understanding of ARBD pathogenesis we used microarrays to explore the white matter transcriptome of alcoholics and controls. Our results suggest that hepatic encephalopathy, along with two confounders, gray matter contamination and low RNA quality, are major drivers of gene expression in ARBD. All three exceeded the effects of alcohol itself. In particular, low quality RNA samples were characterized by an upregulation of protein translation machinery while hepatic encephalopathy was associated with a downregulation of mitochondrial energy metabolism pathways. The findings in HE alcoholics are consistent with the metabolic acidosis seen in this condition. In contrast non-HE alcoholics had widespread but only subtle changes in gene expression in their white matter. The initial cohort was compromised of four alcoholics without hepatic encephalopathy (non-HE alcoholics), three alcoholics with HE (HE alcoholics) and three neurologically normal controls. For each indvidual frozen white matter was sampled in the superior frontal gyrus (prefrontal cortex) and the precentral gyrus (motor cortex). These two cortices experience either moderate (prefrontal cortex) or no neuronal loss (motor cortex) with alcohol-related brain damage. Each white matter sample was divided in two before RNA was extracted to give two 'biological' repeats and a total of 40 samples. Subsequently eight duplicates were removed due to their gray matter contamination or low RNA quality to leave a 32-sample cohort (23 alcoholic (including eight with HE ) and nine control samples.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-53808
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
53808
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-13667
name:
[HG-U219] Affymetrix Human Genome U219 Array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-53808/E-GEOD-53808.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-53808/E-GEOD-53808.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE53808
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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