Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Regulatory role of multinucleated giant cells derived from placental CD14+ macrophages: Pathophysiological implications      
dateReleased:
01-07-2014
description:
The role of placental macrophages is largely ignored in the success of pregnancy. We found that CD14+ macrophages purified from at-term placentas spontaneously matured into multinucleated giant cells (MGCs). MGCs lost the expression of CD14 and co-inhibitory molecules, such as Programmed cell Death-Ligands 1 and 2. Although MGCs kept phagocytosis and property to produce ROS, their inflammatory potential measured by TNF/IL-10 imbalance and activation of p38 MAPK and NF-κB was blunted without being associated with M2 phenotype. The investigation of gene expression revealed the enrichment with categories related to inflammation, apoptosis and canonical functions of macrophages in MGCs. Whereas most of the genes associated with inflammation and immune responses were down-modulated, those such as VEGFC or associated with matrix remodeling were specifically up-regulated in MGCs. Importantly, we found that patients with preeclampsia or chorioamnionitis, two inflammatory and infectious pathologies, respectively, that affect placentas, were unable to generate MGCs. Taken together, these results suggest that MGCs represent a new way to regulate the inflammatory and cytocidal activity of placental macrophages in a context that imposes contradictory constraints, such as semi-allograft acceptance and defense against aggression. The dysregulation of MGC formation may be associated with placental inflammatory and infectious pathologies. Placental macrophages CD14+ were cultured for 9 days to form multinucleated giant cells (MGC). The transcriptome of MGCs was compared to the transcriptome of placental macrophages (CD14+)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38747
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38747
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AGIL-28
name:
Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K 014850 G4112F (85 cols x 532 rows)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38747/E-GEOD-38747.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38747/E-GEOD-38747.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38747
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.