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Title: Lsd1 coordinates trophoblast development by retaining stem cells in their niche and directing cell fate      
dateReleased:
01-17-2014
description:
Stem cells reside in specific niches providing stemness-maintaining environments. Thus, the regulated migration from these niches is associated with differentiation onset. However, mechanisms retaining stem cells in their niche remain poorly understood. Here, we show that the epigenetic regulator lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) organises the trophoblast niche of the early mouse embryo by coordinating migration and invasion of trophoblast stem cells (TSCs). Lsd1 deficiency leads to the depletion of the stem cell pool resulting from precocious migration of TSCs. Migration is induced by premature expression of the transcription factor Ovol2 that is repressed by Lsd1 in undifferentiated wild-type TSCs. Increasing Ovol2 levels suffices to recapitulate the migration phenotype. Furthermore, Lsd1-deficient TSCs exhibit a developmental bias towards cells of the syncytiotrophoblast and impaired spongiotrophoblast and trophoblast giant cell differentiation. In summary, we describe that the epigenetic modifier Lsd1 coordinates placental development by retaining TSCs in their niche and directing trophoblast differentiation. Mouse trophoblast stem cells (TSCs) were isoloated from a single conditional Lsd1-deficient mouse (Lsd1tm1Schüle). Deletion of Lsd1 was induced eight days before the collection of RNA by addition of 0.2 µM 4OH-tamoxife. Cells were isolated at successive stages of differentiation for total RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. To that end, we harvested cells at three time-points: before induction of differentiation (d0), two days after induction of differentiation (d2), and four days after induction of differentiation (d4). Three replicates (1, 2, 3) for control (-) and Lsd1-deficeint (+) cells were included for each differentiation stage.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-38277
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
38277
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-45
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 [Mouse430_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38277/E-GEOD-38277.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-38277/E-GEOD-38277.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE38277
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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